Liên từ trong giờ Anh (Conjunctions) là trong số những chủ điểm quan trọng, liên tục được nói tới trong ngữ pháp giờ đồng hồ Anh. Liên từ trong câu đóng vai trò liên kết các cụm từ, các câu và những đoạn văn. Trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp hay tiếng Anh học thuật đều sử dụng liên từ bỏ giúp liên kết độ mạch lạc cùng trôi chảy của bài nói hoặc nội dung bài viết tiếng Anh. Dưới đây, LangGo sẽ cung cấp cho mình tất tần tật về các liên từ bỏ thông dụng: phân loại, ý nghĩa, ví dụ như và bài xích tập thực hành thực tế để bạn làm việc tiếng Anh tiện lợi và hiệu quả.

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A.Liên từ bỏ chỉ hiệu quả (Result)

1. SO + adj/adv + THAT + clause

SUCH + noun + THAT + clause(trong văn nói hoàn toàn có thể lược vứt THAT)

Ex:He was SO tired THAT he went to lớn bed early.

It was SUCH a difficult exam (THAT) he knew he wouldn’t pass it.

2.SO + clause

Ex:It was late, SO he decided to take a xe taxi home.

3.AS A RESULT, CONSEQUENTLYcó thể dùng để mở màn câu.

AND, AS A RESULTđược dùng làm nối 2 mệnh đề vào một câu.

Ex:We have invested too much money in this project. CONSEQUENTLY, we are in financial difficulties.

His wife left him, AND/AS A RESULT, he became very depressed.

4.THEREFOREthường được dùng ở giữa câu (ngoài ra cũng hoàn toàn có thể dùng làm việc đầu hoặc cuối câu)

Ex:We feel, THEREFORE, that a decision must be made.

B. Liên trường đoản cú chỉ lý do (Reason)

1.SINCE/AS/SEEING THAT + clause(đứng trước mệnh đề chính)

Ex:SEEING THAT/SINCE/AS we arrived late, all the best seats had been taken.

2.BECAUSE + clause(đứng sau mệnh đề chính)

Ex:We couldn’t find a good seat BECAUSE all the best ones had been taken.

3.BECAUSE OF/AS A RESULT OF/OWING TO/DUE lớn + noun/noun phrase.

Ex:We were unable to lớn go by train BECAUSE OF the rail strike.

Many of the deaths of older people are DUE lớn heart attacks.

C. Liên từ bỏ chỉ mục đích (Purpose)

1.(NOT) TO/IN ODER (NOT) TO/SO AS (NOT) khổng lồ + verb nguyên mẫu

Notice: trong văn viết (formal) không nên dùng (NOT) TO

Ex:We came to the countryside to find some peace & quiet.

Handle the flowers carefully IN ORDER NOT lớn damage them.

2.SO THAT/IN ORDER THAT + clause (thường dùng can, could, might, would)

Ex:He chose this university SO THAT/IN ORDER THAT he could study Physics.

D. Liên từ chỉ sự trái chiều (Constrast)

1.ALTHOUGH/EVEN IF/EVEN THOUGH + clause(even though chỉ sử dụng trong văn nói)

Ex:ALTHOUGH/EVEN IF/EVEN THOUGH the car is old, it is still reliable.

2.DESPITE/IN SPITE OF + noun/noun phrase/V_ing

DESPITE THE FACT THAT/IN SPITE OF THE FACT THAT + clause

Ex:DESPITE/IN SPITE OF the rain, I went for a walk.

We enjoyed our walking holiday DESPITE THE FACT THAT/IN SPITE OF THE FACT THAT it was tiring.

3.HOWEVER + clause

THOUGHthường cần sử dụng trong văn nói, với đứng ở cuối câu.

Ex:Buying a house is expensive. It is, HOWEVER, a good investment.

It’s a big decision to lớn make, THOUGH.

4.BUT/WHILE/WHEREASthường dùng để làm nối 2 mệnh đề vào câu.

Ex:John is very rich BUT/WHILE/WHEREAS his friends are extremely poor.

5.ON THE ONE HAND/ON THE OTHER HANDdùng cho 1 cặp câu diễn đạt 2 ý trái ngược nhau.

Ex:ON THE ONE HAND these computers are expensive. ON THE OTHER HAND they are exactly what we want.

E. Liên từ bỏ chỉ thời gian

1.WHEN/WHILE/AS/AFTER + clause

Ex:WHEN/WHILE/AS I was driving along the road, I saw a terrible accident.

He went out AFTER he’d finished work.

2.WHENEVER/EVERY TIME + clause

Ex:WHENEVER/EVERY TIME I see him, he’s driving a different car.

3.FIRST/THEN/LATER etc.dùng để ra mắt những mốc thời gian.

Ex: FIRST he closed all the windows, THEN he locked the doors. LATER he came back to check that everything was all right.

4.DURING/ALL THROUGH/THROUGHOUT + noun phrase.

Ex:DURING/ALL THROUGH the summer we get a lot of visitors.

It rained heavily THROUGHOUT the night.

F. Liên từ bỏ chỉ đk (Condition)

1.EVEN IF/AS LONG AS/UNLESS + clause

Ex:EVEN IF you are born rich, life is still difficult.

You can borrow the car AS LONG AS you’re careful with it.

You can’t come with me UNLESS you promise lớn keepquiet.

2.WHETHER… OR NOTđược cần sử dụng làm câu hỏi gián tiếp.

Sau giới tự và/hoặc trước rượu cồn từ to V chúng ta sử dụng WHETHER chứ không dùng IF.

Ex:I don’t know WHETHER you have met him OR NOT.

It depends ON WHETHER the government takes any action.

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The organizers will decide WHETHER lớn IMPOSE fines.

3.IN CASE + clause

IN CASE OF + noun(dùng trong văn viết)

Ex:Take this umbrella IN CASE it rains.

IN CASE OF emergency, break the glass.

G. Liên từ dùng để làm thêm tin tức hoặc thừa nhận mạnh

1.BESIDES/IN ADDITION (TO THAT)/FURTHERMORE + clause(đứng sau mệnh đề chính). Vào văn viết đề nghị dùng FURTHERMORE.

MOREOVERđược cần sử dụng ở đầu hoặc thân câu nhằm đưa thêm thông tin.

Ex:I don’t really want khổng lồ go out tonight. BESIDES, there’s a good film on TV.

We are still waiting for the goods we ordered three months ago. FURTHERMORE, we have been overcharged for our last order.

This theory about the origins of the universe is new. It is, MOREOVER, extremely interesting.

2.NOT ONLY… BUT ALSO/AS WELL

Notice:BUT ALSO + noun/noun phrase; BUT + S + V + ALSO

NOT ONLYkhi đứng đầu câu đã mang chân thành và ý nghĩa nhấn mạnh, sử dụng kết cấu này cần đảo ngữ đến vế NOT ONLY với vế còn sót lại sẽ dùngBUT + S + V + ALSO.

Ex:The painting is NOT ONLY valuable BUT ALSO a work of art.

She NOT ONLY writes novels BUT (she) lectures AS WELL.

The house was NOT ONLY large BUT (was/it was) ALSO modern.

NOT ONLY is the restaurant superb BUT it is ALSO expensive.

3.AS WELL AS + noun/phrase/V_ing

Ex:They robbed a bank AS WELL AS a post office.

AS WELL AS being sent to prison, they were fined $2000.

4.TOO/AS WELL/NOT EITHERthường sử dụng trong văn nói, và đặt ở cuối mệnh đề phụ.

Ex:They lượt thích Indian food. I like Indian food TOO/AS WELL.

They aren’t very generous people. They have NOT got any friends EITHER.

Bài tập về liên tự trong giờ đồng hồ Anh

Bài tập 1: Chọn giải đáp đúng

1. She's not only beautiful_________ intelligent.

a. But also b. But c. However d. Yet

2. I was very tired, ________ I determined to lớn walk on khổng lồ the next village.

a. Therefore b. However c. Và d. Or

3. You can come here either on Monday__________ on Friday.

a. Or b. Nor c. Both d. And

4. He had to lớn act immediately; ________ he would have been too late.

a. Consequently b. Nevertheless c. Still d. Otherwise

5. They said both he_________ I were to come.

a. Và b. But c. Or d. So

6. The weather in Dalat is neither too hot in summer________ too cold in winter.

a. Or b. Nor c. Or else d. Otherwise

7. Jane is beautiful and intelligent________

a. Too b. So c. Both d. Moreover

8. Jane is beautiful và intelligent; ________ she's very kind.

a. Moreover b. However c. For all that d. On the other hand

9. He never works_______ he gains all the prizes.

a. Furthermore b. Whereas c. But d. Accordingly

10. The sun is shining & there are very few clouds; _______, I am sure it is going to lớn rain.

a. What's more b. Hence c. Thus d. Nevertheless

11. Bill is in class 12, _______ John, who is a year older, is only in class 4.

a. And b. Whereas c. Either d. Nevertheless

12. You must leave at once, ________ you miss the train.

a. However b. Yet c. Still d. Otherwise

13. You need khổng lồ get some job retraining. _______ it, you risk being laid off.

a. If so b. If not c. With d. Without

14. Could I have rice_______ potatoes, please?

a. But b. But also c. Instead d. Instead of

15. _______His denial, we knew that he was guilty.

a. Despite b. In spite c. Because d. And

16. John's family is very happy_______his being a warded a scholarship.

a. Because of b. If c. Either d. Nor

17. Graphite is a soft, slippery solid that is a good conductor of_______ hear & electricity.

a. Not just b. And c. Both d. Moreover

18. The lecture was _______ interesting và instructive.

a. As b. Either c. Neither d. Both

19. Both Mary and Allen_______Jean are going on the tour.

a. As well b. As well as c. Nor d. But

20. He likes travel, and_______ does she.

a. Too b. Such c. So d. But

Bài tập 2: Điền một liên từ phù hợp vào vị trí trống để tạo thành thành một bài bác nóihoàn chỉnh.

The person that I gave it khổng lồ was a very good friend of mine at the time. His name was Kaliya (1)__________ he came from India. I knew him (2)_________ we studied together at a language school in Cambridge. (3)____________ we were from different backgrounds and cultures, we got on really well and we had the same sense of humor (4)___________ we became very good friends.

The present was a picture that had been painted of the River Cam in Cambridge. It was not so big - maybe around 10 inches by 14 inches, but it was very beautiful. It came in a gold plated frame & the picture had been drawn by a particularly well-known Cambridge artist. It had been signed by this person as well.

It’s the first time I have given this person a present, và I guess it’s quite different from presents (5)_________ I have given lớn other people before – I don’t recall ever giving someone a picture actually. If I’m buying for family then I’ll usually buy clothes or maybe some jewelry if it is a special occasion. Normally when I’ve bought something for friends it’s something more jokey so we can have a laugh about it, nothing that serious.

The reason (6)_________ I decided to lớn give this particular gift is because we had spent a lot of time together in Cambridge và we had had some really fun times punting on the River Cam – that’s obviously why I thought this was an appropriate present. We used khổng lồ go punting at least once a week, sometimes a couple of times. On one occasion there was a group of about ten of us that went down there, & we spent the whole day sitting by the river in the sun (7)__________ as usual we went on a boat trip together. We all have a lot of photos lớn remind us of this great day.

So my friend, Kaaliya, is the person that I gave a present to & this was because I felt it would always remind him of the fun times that we had và also of Cambridge.